Which EU Industrial Policy In The Multipolar Economy Of The 21st Century?
The European Union’s technological and environmental dilemmas in the light of the experiences of the US, China, Japan, and the emerging economies.
The European Union thus faces the following dilemma: is it possible to develop a European industrial policy capable of preserving the European position in the global division of labour while reducing its technological divide and pursuing its environmental objectives but without strengthening the mounting protectionism that has characterized the world economy over the recent years?
Against this background, the purpose of the conference is to address the following research questions:
• Looking back at the historical roots and structural long-term causes, how can one explain the absence of a strong industrial policy and EU level? What are the tensions between the Member States and the EU institutions regarding industrial and competition policies? What are the conditions for a EU industrial policy to emerge?
• Can the EU keep its position in the international division of labour and in the global value chain while other major partners are pursuing strategic trade and industrial policies to maintain their dominant position (the US)
or to move up the value chain (China and some other emerging economies)? Would sketching a EU industrial policy agenda along those same lines be desirable or dangerous?
• What lessons can be learned from the experience of other large economies in terms of vertical and horizontal industrial policy (US, Japan, BRICS), and can they be of relevance to the EU?