The Future of Employment: Assessing the Impact of Digitalisation on Work
Digitalisation and robotics are drastically reshaping work. Development in ICT, artificial intelligence and robotics will generate new conditions for employment and have an unpredictable impact on job creation and destruction. Although such technological evolution is not new, the risk resides in the fact that, as for previous industrial revolutions, economic contraction usually follows. The rapid rise of the on-demand economy, not yet included in official statistics, and the spread of platforms is a concrete impact of this revolution (CEPS & European Economic and Social Committee, 2017).
In May 2018, the European Commission assembled an expert group to analyse the impact of the digital transformation and identify “potential social risks”. They will issue a report in 2019 offering policy recommendations. Additionally, the Digital Transformation Monitor examines key trends and transitional progress made at national and sector-specific level while the Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI) is the indicator used to assess digital performances in the EU in term of competitiveness. These tools reveal major disparities between the Member States. The EU regards, however, digitalisation as an opportunity for economic growth and development. In order to avoid a polarisation in labour markets based on peoples’ skills, the Commission wants to focus on technological education and training. These initiatives are taken under the leadership of the Digital Single Market which remains the cornerstone of policies aiming at completing full digitalisation while creating jobs and transforming public services.